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Вооружённые силы Того или FAT (сокр. от Forces armées togolaises) — государственная военная организация Того. Включает в себя сухопутные войска, военно-морские силы, авиацию и Национальную жандармерию.

История

Togo attained independence in 1960; it had been a German colony until 1919 when a small part was detached and made over to British administration (subsequently being incorporated into the Gold Coast), and the rest to a French mandate, later trusteeship. In 1963, Togo's President, S. Olympio, was murdered by a group of mutinous army NCOs. In 1967 Olympio's successor, Grunitzky, was overthrown by Eyadema (one of the NCOs of 1963) who assumed the Presidency and Defence portfolio.

Togo's army has Uttle real role and no special deployment. Relations with Ghana pass through successive periods of unease. The majority of the Ewe people live in Togo, a minority in Ghana. When the Ewe are well-represented in Ghana's government, relations are good, but when the Ewe are at a disadvantage, relations are cool. Togo has never abandoned the aspiration of a reunification of the Ewe people under the Togo flag and gives some covert support to the secessionist movement in eastern Ghana. Togo's army acts as a safeguard against any sudden Ghanaian military retaliation or strike. Since the accession to power of Colonel Kerekou in Benin, occasional friction occurs on the border.

A very small force, the Togo army could not defend the country in the event of a Ghanaian incursion. A number of the army's best officers are being used for civil administration tasks. The group of northern ex-NCOs who are now the army's senior officers, and who are linked by complicity in the Olympio murder and Grunitzky overthrow, are of the same tradition and from the same area as the majority of the soldiers. This gives the army a cohesion, although at some expense to its claim to be a truly national institution.

Организация

The army consists of three under-strength battalions, each composed of two infantry companies (one has an armoured car troop as well); there is also a fourth 'commando battahon' which includes an engineer company and the air flight. Army headquarters is at Tokoin.

Обучение

A random system of national service — for 2 years — exists. The majority of the soldiers come from the north of the country, in particular from the Kabre, while a majority of the officers were either Ewe or Mina from the south, until the events of 1963, when the balance began to change. The small technical and logistic units, however, are mainly southern. French assistance for military training has been used since independence although air force pilots are being trained in Zaire.

Вооружение

Togo has no arms industry. The armoured-car squadron has American M.8 vehicles; the remaining military equipment is all French. The small air force consists of six transport and communications machines, and one helicopter.

Униформа

Униформа ВС Того, в целом, следует французском образцу, за исключением кепи, вместо которых носятся фуражки и береты.

Центральной фигурой в тоголезской униформе является стилизованное изображение священного трона ашанти, которые проживали на территории современного Того. Такие троны выглядели как резные табуреты и считались воплощением духа всех умерших правителей, поэтому изображение священного трона было использовано на погонах и некоторых других знаках различия вооруженных сил Республики Того, как самобытный символ ее государственного суверенитета.

Галерея

Источники

1200px-Emblem of the South African Department of Military Veterans.svg Вооружённые силы Африки Sa-army
Северная Африка:АлжирЕгипетЛивияМароккоТунис
Центральная Африка:АнголаГабонКамерунДР КонгоКонго (Браззавиль)Сан-Томе и ПринсипиЦАРЧадЭкваториальная Гвинея
Западная Африка:БенинБуркина-ФасоГамбияГанаГвинеяГвинея-БисауКабо-ВердеКот-д’ИвуарЛиберияМавританияМалиНигерНигерияСенегалСьерра-ЛеонеТого
Восточная Африка:БурундиДжибутиЗамбииЗимбабвеКенияРуандаСомалиТанзанияУгандаЭритреяЭфипияЮжный Судан
Южная Африка:БотсванаКоморыЛесотоМаврикийМадагаскарМалавиМозамбикНамибияСвазилендЮАР
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